Every company registered in India, including private limited, limited company, one person company and section 8 company must file annual returns with ROC every year. It requires conducting of an Annual General Meeting and filing annual accounts with ROC. AGM must be held within 6 months from the end of the financial year i.e. 30th September every year. In case of new companies, first AGM should be held within 18 months from the date of incorporation or 9 months from the close of financial year whichever is earlier. Companies Act 2013 mandates that your financial year should start from 1st April and end on 31st March.
Annual return consists of information and documents that include the Balance Sheet of the Company, Profit & Loss Account, Compliance Certificate, Registered Office Address, Register of Member, Shares and Debentures details, Debt details and information about the Management of the Company. The annual return would also disclose the shareholding structure of the Company, changes in Directorship and details of transfers of securities.
ROC Form MGT 7: which contains details of shareholding structure, change in directorship and details of the transfer of shares during the year if any. Due date for ROC Form MGT 7 would be 28th November that is 60 days from the conclusion of AGM.
ROC Form AOC4: which contains details and annexure relating to Balance Sheet of the Company, Profit & Loss Account, Compliance Certificate, Registered Office Address, Register of Member, Shares and Debentures details, Debt details and information about the Management of the Company. The due date for ROC Form AOC 4 would be 29th October i.e. 30 days from the conclusion of the AGM.
ROC Form ADT 1: is filed for auditor appointment. The due date for ROC Form ADT 1 would be 14th October i.e within 15 days from the conclusion of AGM.
Non-filing of Annual returns entail hefty penalties. These are over and above normal fees charged by MCA and there is no way to reduce the penalties.